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Improving lockout
tagout procedures with smartlocks

Implementing our 5G IoT smart padlocks and API’s into an effective online solution for enhancing the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of the Lockout/ Tagout (LOTO) process



Lockout-tagout (LOTO) is a widely used safety procedure across various industries worldwide to ensure the safe shutdown of hazardous machinery or equipment before maintenance, repair, or cleaning work is performed. This is done to protect workers from potential hazards, accidents, and injuries. LOTO procedures involve several steps and reporting requirements which are mandatory for most industries, including manufacturing, construction, utilities, transportation, chemical processing, mining, healthcare, and more. Employers are responsible for identifying situations where LOTO procedures are necessary and implementing them to protect their workers while adhering to relevant regulations and standards.

In the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is responsible for enforcing workplace safety and health standards including LOTO procedures. Inspectors from OSHA or state agencies often visit workplaces to assess LOTO programs and procedures and ensure employers comply with regulations.


Although LOTO procedures are effective in preventing workplace accidents and injuries, they also present many challenges often bringing significant downtime and loss of productivity to companies. Most of the LOTO procedure is manual with heavy human involvement (little or no electronic automations or processes exist). Therefore human error and time wasting is an ongoing challenge, as employees implementing LOTO procedures must be cautious and diligent. The procedures themselves are also complex and often take several hours, leading to confusion and errors. Additionally, some employees or companies may bypass the LOTO procedure to save time, potentially putting themselves and others at risk. Proper training and communication are crucial for effective LOTO procedures too.


Several types of mechanical locks are used in LOTO procedures depending on the energy source being locked out - typically metal key padlocks, combination padlocks, cable locks, hasp locks, ball valve locks, and breaker locks are used.




Digital Keys are working with several manufacturing companies to implement our 5G IoT smart padlocks and API’s into an effective online solution for enhancing the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of the Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) process. Our connected smart padlocks allow greater control, accuracy, reporting and flexibility over metal key padlocks. With the Digital Keys API's, the smartlocks are integrated with maintenance management, scheduling and notification systems, automating the LOTO process and reducing the risk of human errors or oversights. For instance, smart locks can be programmed to grant access only to authorized personnel, and access can be granted or revoked remotely, reducing the waiting time for specialized trained personnel to be physically present to coordinate the process.


Moreover, our 5G IoT smart padlocks provide real-time monitoring and reporting of the LOTO process by enabling managers and supervisors to monitor who has accessed the lock and when, and track compliance with LOTO procedures. In case someone attempts to access a locked-out energy source, the smartlock's inbuilt vibration sensors detect movement and send an immediate alert to the appropriate personnel. All this data is recorded and used in big data analytics and with AI tools to identify common issues or hazards, and constantly suggest more ways for improvement.


Using our 5G IoT smart padlocks also eliminates the need for physical keys and associated paperwork, reducing the risk of lost or misplaced keys. This makes the LOTO process faster and more efficient, reducing downtime, improving productivity and ultimately saving companies significant time and money. For example, employees will no longer need to fill out the Lockout/Tagout Log and tags by hand to track the use of locks during LOTO procedures. The date, time, location of the lockout, the equipment being locked out, and the names of the employees no longer need to be written down in a book, and is instead automatically recorded in the online system and stored in the cloud database. The verification step, where employees go around to all the machines locked out on the factory floor, is also removed and automated with essentially the smartlocks themselves 'reporting their live status'. This system automatically confirms that all energy sources have been correctly locked out and cannot be restarted, making the LOTO process even safer.

loto cabinet



The safety of employees and the prevention of accidents are paramount in a typical LOTO procedure, which involves following a series of carefully prescribed steps. These steps are currently performed with significant human involvement and can take anywhere from 15 minutes for one basic machine to several hours or even days for very complex machinery. This process results in significant downtime and loss of productivity for companies. While this short-term downtime is necessary to prevent accidents, injuries, and damage to equipment, which can ultimately result in longer periods of downtime, higher costs, and potential legal liabilities for the company, it is often completed meticulously and without rushing. The LOTO procedure can be improved and made more efficient by automating most of the LOTO procedure steps with 5G IoT locks and associated online systems, reducing downtime and productivity without sacrificing safety.

Digitizing the LOTO procedure with 5G IoT smartlocks and integrating associated online systems and software is also about reducing human errors in the steps involved, ultimately reducing workers' exposure to serious hazards and injuries caused by unexpected energization, start-up, or release of stored energy. This approach can achieve reductions in exposure to electrical shock, which can cause burns, heart damage, and even death. Additionally, crushing injuries can be reduced. For example, if a worker is working on or near machinery that is not properly locked out, it can start up unexpectedly and cause broken bones, cuts, amputations, and internal injuries. More efficient LOTO procedures can also reduce the risk of explosions from machines with flammable gases or liquids, which results in burns, broken bones, and other injuries.

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